adidas adizero f50 trx fg Joseph Bl 1872
August 2, 1936), graduated from Centrale Paris with a degree in Arts and Trades and went into business manufacturing automobile headlamps.
At 30 he taught himself to fly, in an aircraft of his own design. His skills as a pilot and designer improved by trial and error. He made his first flight in 1907 at Bagatelle, France and in two years his aviation company was producing aircraft known for their quality and performance.
Louis Bl became famous for being the first to fly an aircraft across the English Channel. On July 25, 1909, in his Model XI 25 horsepower monoplane from Les Barraques, France to Dover, England. This 22 mile, 40 minute flight won for him the much sought after London Daily Mail prize of 1000 pounds sterling. fighter aircraft flown by all the Allied Nations. His skill and ingenuity contributed to the advance of aviation technology in his time, and popularised aviation as a sport. He beat rival Hubert Latham, who had aborted an attempt six days earlier following engine failure, and won the London Daily Mail prize of 1,000 pounds for the feat.
Bl amassed a modest fortune inventing automobile lights and accessories before becoming interested in aviation. Inspired by the strange looking craft, he began to build, test, and crash numerous planes of his own over the next nine years.
Rather than follow one type of design for his planes, Bl worked by trial and error working first with gliders, then box kite biplanes, and finally with monoplanes.
By 1909, with his finances drained, Bl finally produced a plane which didn’t immediately crash, the Bl XI.
In a marketing ploy to increase its circulation, the “Daily Mail” newspaper of London offered a cash prize to the first pilot to fly across the English Channel a risky proposition at the time. Bl sensed this was his golden opportunity. Even though his plane had never run for more than 20 minutes about half of the Channel’s 22 mile distance the pilot remained undaunted.
Bl had two fierce rivals for this title. The first was the daring Hubert Latham, an Englishman who had made France his home. Loved by both the French as well as the English, he was favored to win. The other flyer, Charles de Lambert, was a Russian aristocrat with French roots not to mention one of Wilbur Wright’s best students.
In July of 1909, the three competitors each arrived on the shores of Calais, France. Latham had arrived first and attempted a crossing on July 19th. Six miles from shore, though, he developed engine trouble and was forced to make a sea landing.
Meanwhile, Lambert suffered a major crash of his own during a test flight, forcing him to withdraw from the race. Bl himself, experienced the misfortune of a badly burned foot when he a petrol line broke during one of his trial runs. But Bl persevered.
While Latham was regrouping, Bl watched the weather. At dawn on July 25th, he took off for England despite blustery winds and his injured foot. By the time Latham’s camp realized that Bl was not making a test run but attempting the crossing, it was too late to chase him. With no compass to guide him, Bl beat the odds and managed to somehow successfully cross the Channel. He immediately gained worldwide fame. His rival, Hubert Lathan, even re attempted Bl flight four days later, only to again smash his plane into the ocean when the engine failed.
Devant des r satisfaisants, un brevet fut d d 1901. Le projet fut abandonn II, 1905
Le deuxi appareil est un biplan flotteurs. Ce dernier est construit chez “Surcouf” par Gabriel Voisin. Le 18 juillet 1905 Billancourt, sur la Seine, le planeur fut remorqu par un bateau moteur. Apr un vol plan mouvement l’aile gauche toucha l’eau et l’appareil sombra.
Les deux moteurs entra chacun une h propulsive. L’a ne pouvant pas d les flotteurs, ceux ci furent remplac par des roues. Les essais reprirent Bagatelle le 12 novembre de cette m ann La difficult r la synchronisation des 2 moteurs ne facilitait pas les choses. 54, Mai 1989
Bl X, Sep. Dec., 1908
Devaux, Jean et Marani, Michel, Les Douze Premiers A de Louis Bl Pegase, No. 54, Mai 1989
Puis apparut le Bl XI qui devait assurer son constructeur une place de choix dans l’histoire de l’aviation. Le fuselage de cet appareil r en fr avec des renforts et des entretoises en corde piano, l’aile haute elle aussi en bois et le contr lat assur par le gauchissement de l’extr des ailes.